Volume 7.48 | Dec 10

Mammary Cell News 7.48 December 10, 2015
Mammary Cell News
     In this issue: Publications | Reviews | Science News | Industry News | Policy News | Events | Jobs
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TOP STORY
PIK3CAH1047R– and Her2-Initiated Mammary Tumors Escape PI3K Dependency by Compensatory Activation of MEK-ERK Signaling
Induction of PIK3CAH1047R expression in mouse mammary glands with constitutive expression of activated Her2/Neu resulted in accelerated mammary tumorigenesis with enhanced metastatic potential. [Oncogene] Abstract
Protocol and Data: Serum-Free, 3D Suspension Assay for Breast Cancer Cells
 
PUBLICATIONS (Ranked by impact factor of the journal)
LABORATORY RESEARCH

ASXL2 Promotes Proliferation of Breast Cancer Cells by Linking ERα to Histone Methylation
The authors observed that additional sex comb-like 2 (ASXL2) interacts with ligand E2-bound estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) and mediates ERα activation. [Oncogene] Abstract

Reciprocal Regulation of ERα and ERβ Stability and Activity by Diptoindonesin G
Unlike ERα, ERβ has not been developed as a therapeutic target in breast cancer due to loss of ERβ in aggressive cancers. In a small-molecule library screen for ERβ stabilizers, the authors identified Diptoindonesin G (Dip G), which significantly increases ERβ protein stability while decreasing ERα protein levels. [Chem Biol] Abstract | Graphical Abstract

c-Met PET Imaging Detects Early Stage Loco-Regional Recurrence of Basal-Like Breast Cancer
The aim of this study was to assess [18F]AH113804,a peptide-based molecular imaging agent with high affinity for human c-Met, for the detection of early stage loco-regional recurrence in a human basal-like breast cancer model, HCC1954. [J Nucl Med] Abstract

Targeting Innate Immunity with dsRNA-Conjugated Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles Promotes Anti-Tumor Effects on Breast Cancer Cells
The authors’ results showed that poly(I:C)-conjugated nanoparticles efficiently targeted breast cancer cells due to dsRNA/TLR3 interaction. [Chemistry] Abstract

The Isolation and Characterization of CTC Subsets Related to Breast Cancer Dormancy
Scientists identified proliferative and invasive properties of 3 dimensional circulating tumor cell (CTC) tumorspheres distinctive upon uPAR/int β1 combinatorial expression. [Sci Rep] Full Article

Down-Regulation of NDUFB9 Promotes Breast Cancer Cell Proliferation, Metastasis by Mediating Mitochondrial Metabolism
Scientists used quantitative proteomic analyses to compare a highly metastatic cancer cell line and a parental breast cancer cell line, and observed that NDUFB9, an accessory subunit of the mitochondrial membrane respiratory chain NADH dehydrogenase (complex I), was down-regulated in highly metastatic breast cancer cells. [PLoS One] Full Article

Resveratrol Chemosensitizes HER-2-Overexpressing Breast Cancer Cells to Docetaxel Chemoresistance by Inhibiting Docetaxel-Mediated Activation of HER-2–Akt Axis
Researchers observed that introducing resveratrol as a chemosensitizer in docetaxel chemotherapy blocks upregulation and activation of HER-2 in addition to blocking downstream signaling pathways such as Akt. [Cell Death Discov] Full Article

CLINICAL RESEARCH

High XIST and Low 53BP1 Expression Predict Poor Outcome after High Dose Alkylating Chemotherapy in Patients with a BRCA1-Like Breast Cancer
The authors investigated whether XIST and 53BP1 expression predicted poor outcome of high dose (HD) chemotherapy within 28 BRCA1-like patients from a trial randomizing between HD or conventional chemotherapy, for which both XIST and 53BP1 status were available. [Mol Cancer Ther] Abstract

Deciphering Genomic Underpinnings of Quantitative MRI-Based Radiomic Phenotypes of Invasive Breast Carcinoma
Scientists found that transcriptional activities of various genetic pathways were positively associated with tumor size, blurred tumor margin, and irregular tumor shape and that miRNA expressions were associated with the tumor size and enhancement texture, but not with other types of radiomic phenotypes. [Sci Rep] Full Article

Association of BRCA1 Promoter Methylation with Sporadic Breast Cancers: Evidence from 40 Studies
Researchers observed the frequency of BRCA1 promoter methylation was statistically significantly higher in breast cancers than non-cancer controls. Furthermore, BRCA1 methylation was statistically associated with lymph node metastasis, histological grade 3, ER(-), PR(-), triple-negative phenotype, and decreased or lacking levels of BRCA1 protein expression. [Sci Rep] Full Article

Randomized Controlled Trial of Zoledronic Acid plus Chemotherapy versus Chemotherapy Alone as Neoadjuvant Treatment of HER2-Negative Primary Breast Cancer (JONIE Study)
A randomized controlled trial indicated that the rates of pathological complete response in the chemotherapy + zoledronic acid group was doubled to the chemotherapy group, though the additional efficacy of zoledronic acid was not demonstrated statistically. [PLoS One] Full Article

Learn More: Standardized Tools for Cancer Research
 
REVIEWS
The Role of Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts in Breast Cancer Pathobiology
Recent studies have evaluated the potential of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) as therapeutic targets in breast cancer. In this review, the authors discuss the role of CAFs and their clinical implications. [Histol Histopathol] Full Article

Visit our reviews page to see a complete list of reviews in the mammary cell research field.
 
SCIENCE NEWS
Halozyme Therapeutics and Eisai to Present Data Evaluating the Antitumor Effects of PEGPH20 in Combination with Eribulin Mesylate in Preclinical Breast Cancer Models
Halozyme Therapeutics, Inc. and Eisai Inc. will present a scientific poster entitled, “Pegylated Recombinant Human Hyaluronidase PH20 (PEGPH20) Enhances Efficacy of Eribulin Mesylate (HALAVEN®) in Triple Negative Breast Cancer Xenografts.” [Press release from Halozyme Therapeutics, Inc. discussing research to be presented at the 38th Annual San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (SABCS), San Antonio] Press Release

Caris Life Sciences Research Yields New Molecular Insights into Rare Breast Cancers
Caris Life Sciences announced the presentation of data from two studies in which Caris Molecular Intelligence®, the company’s panomic, comprehensive tumor profiling service, was used to identify potentially targetable biomarkers in metaplastic breast carcinoma and malignant phyllodes tumors of the breast, two rare subtypes of breast cancer. [Press release from Caris Life Sciences discussing research to be presented at the 38th Annual San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (SABCS), San Antonio] Press Release

Agendia’s MammaPrint and BluePrint Breast Cancer Tests to Be Highlighted at San Antonio Symposium
New breast cancer research highlighting the value of Agendia’s MammaPrint® and BluePrint® genomic tests will be presented in 10 scientific posters. Four of the posters will provide new findings from the NBRST trial, which encompasses results from more than 1,000 patients. [Press release from Agendia discussing research to be presented at the 38th Annual San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (SABCS), San Antonio] Press Release

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INDUSTRY NEWS
Pfizer Awards More Than $4 Million in Grants to Further Clinical Research in Advanced Breast Cancer for 2015
Pfizer Inc. announced the first-ever recipients of the Advancing Science through Pfizer Investigator Research Exchange (ASPIRE) Breast Cancer Research Awards. Five grants totaling more than $4 million in funding were awarded to support clinical research projects investigating IBRANCE® (palbociclib), an oral, first-in-class inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) 4 and 6, in advanced breast cancer for 2015. [Pfizer Inc.] Press Release

Lilly and Merck Expand Immuno-Oncology Collaboration Adding Abemaciclib and KEYTRUDA® Combination Trial
Eli Lilly and Company and Merck, announced another immuno-oncology collaboration that will evaluate abemaciclib, Lilly’s cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4 and 6 inhibitor, and Merck’s KEYTRUDA® (pembrolizumab) in a Phase I study across multiple tumor types. Based on the Phase I trial results, the collaboration has the potential to progress to Phase II trials in patients who have been diagnosed with either metastatic breast cancer or non-small cell lung cancer. [Eli Lilly and Company] Press Release
 
POLICY NEWS
National Institutes of Health (United States)

Food and Drug Administration (United States)

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (United States)

European Medicines Agency (European Union)

Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (United Kingdom)

Therapeutic Goods Administration (Australia)
 
EVENTS
NEW 28th Lorne Cancer Conference
February 11-13, 2016
Lorne, Australia

Visit our events page to see a complete list of events in the mammary cell community.
 
JOB OPPORTUNITIES
NEW Research Assistant – Signaling in Breast Cancer (National University of Ireland)

NEW Post-Doctoral/PhD Researcher – Molecular Cancer Biology (University of Pennsylvania)

NEW Assistant Professor – Anatomic Pathology (University Hospitals Case Medical Center)

NEW PhD Researcher – Drug Resistance (University of Antwerp)

PhD Researcher – Personalized Immunotherapy for Cancer (ISPIC Consortium Members)

Postdoctoral Researcher – Cancer Immune Microenvironment (Cornell University)

Postdoctoral Researcher – HIF-Mediated Alternative Splicing in Cancer (ETH Zurich)

Postdoctoral Position – Epigenetics and Cancer (Moffitt Cancer Center)

Cancer Biologist – (Wake Forest Baptist School of Medicine)

Postdoctoral Research Fellow – Ovarian and Breast Cancer (Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center)

Academic Breast Pathologist – (Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center)

Group Leader Position – Cancer Research (Oslo University Hospital)

Postdoctoral Research Fellow – Metastatic Breast Cancer (Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center)


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