Volume 6.33 | Aug 28

Mammary Cell News 6.33 August 28, 2014
Mammary Cell News
     In this issue: Publications | Reviews | Industry News | Policy News | Events | Jobs
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TOP STORY
Transcriptional Control of PAX4-Regulated miR-144/451 Modulates Metastasis by Suppressing ADAMs Expression
Scientists show that paired box gene 4 (PAX4) promoted migration and invasion in human epithelial cancers by decreasing miR-144 and miR-451 expression levels. Mechanistically, miR-144/451 inhibits cancer metastasis by targeting the A disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM) protein family members ADAMTS5 and ADAM10. [Oncogene] Abstract
Learn More: Column-Free Enrichment of Mouse Mammary Stem & Progenitor Cells
 
PUBLICATIONS (Ranked by impact factor of the journal)
LABORATORY RESEARCH

CCN5/WISP-2 Promotes Growth Arrest of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Cells through Accumulation and Trafficking of p27Kip1 via Skp2 and FOXO3a Regulation
Scientists found that the p27Kip1 tumor suppressor protein is upregulated and relocalized to the nucleus from cytoplasm by CCN5 in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells and that these two events (upregulation and relocalization of p27Kip1) are critical for CCN5-induced growth inhibition of TNBC cells. [Oncogene] Abstract

Nontranscriptional Role of Hif-1α in Activation of γ-Secretase and Notch Signaling in Breast Cancer
Investigators show that hypoxia upregulates γ-secretase activity through a direct interaction with Hif-1α, revealing an unconventional function for Hif-1α as an enzyme subunit, which is distinct from its canonical role as a transcription factor. [Cell Rep] Full Article | Graphical Abstract

The ErbB4 CYT2 Variant Protects EGFR from Ligand-Induced Degradation to Enhance Cancer Cell Motility
Researchers found that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) interacted directly with the CYT1 and CYT2 variants of ErbB4 and the membrane-anchored intracellular domain. Cultured breast cancer cells overexpressing both EGFR and ErbB4 CYT2 membrane-anchored intracellular domain exhibited increased migration. [Sci Signal] Abstract

Elevated SRPK1 Lessens Apoptosis in Breast Cancer Cells through RBM4-Regulated Splicing Events
Investigators observed a correlation between the cytoplasmic accumulation of RNA-binding motif protein 4 (RBM4) and up-regulated serine-arginine protein kinase 1 (SRPK1) in breast cancer cells. [RNA] Abstract

Constitutively Active ErbB2 Regulates Cisplatin-Induced Cell Death in Breast Cancer Cells via Pro- and Anti-Apoptotic Mechanisms
Researchers sought to identify mechanisms through which N-terminally truncated ErbB2 regulates cisplatin-induced breast cancer cell death, and determine how the Na+/H+ exchanger NHE1 impacts on this process. [Mol Cancer Res] Abstract

ER-α Variant ER-α36 Mediates Antiestrogen Resistance in ER-Positive Breast Cancer Stem/Progenitor Cells
Scientists investigated the function and the underlying mechanism of ER-α36-mediated antiestrogen signaling in ER-positive breast cancer stem/progenitor cells. The effects of antiestrogens tamoxifen and ICI 182, 780 on breast cancer stem cells’ ability of growth, self-renewal, differentiation and tumor seeding were examined using tumorsphere formation, flow cytometry, indirect immunofluorences and in vivo xenograft assays. [J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol] Abstract

Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase 1 (PARP1) Overexpression in Human Breast Cancer Stem Cells and Resistance to Olaparib
To identify specific biomarkers of breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs), scientists performed comparative proteomics of BCSC-enriched and mature cancer cell populations from the human breast cancer cell line BrCA-MZ-01. [PLoS One] Full Article

CLINICAL RESEARCH

A Phase I/II Trial to Evaluate the Technical Feasibility of Partial Breast Irradiation with Three-Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy in Korean Women with Stage I Breast Carcinoma: An Initial Report of the Korean Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (KROG) Study 0804
Investigators verified the technical feasibility of partial breast irradiation in breast cancer patients with small breasts. It was designed such that if fewer than five of the first 42 evaluable patients received unacceptable scores, the treatment would be considered reproducible. [Cancer Res Treat] Abstract

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for Different Molecular Breast Cancer Subtypes: A Retrospective Study in Russian Population
Investigators evaluated the objective clinical response, pathological complete response, and progression-free survival in 231 Russian patients with four subtypes of breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. [Med Oncol] Abstract

Dissociation Enzymes For Optimized Human Mammary Tissue Dissociation and Culture
 
REVIEWS
Implications of Stemness-Related Signaling Pathways in Breast Cancer Response to Therapy
There is accumulating evidence that breast cancer may arise from a small subpopulation of transformed mammary stem/progenitor cells responsible for initiation and maintenance of cancer. Alterations in genes involved in stemness-related pathways, such as Wnt, Notch, and Sonic Hedgehog, have been proven to play a role in breast cancer progression. [Semin Cancer Biol] Abstract

Visit our reviews page to see a complete list of reviews in the cancer stem cell research field.
 
INDUSTRY NEWS
Palbociclib Expanded Access Program Now Open to Eligible U.S. Patients with HR+, HER2 Advanced Breast Cancer
Pfizer Inc. announced that the company has initiated a multi-center, open-label expanded access program in the United States for the investigational CDK 4/6 inhibitor, palbociclib. [Pfizer Inc.] Press Release

Glenmark Enters Oncology with the Discovery and the Initiation of IND Enabling Studies of an Innovative Bispecific Antibody
Glenmark Pharmaceuticals S.A. announced the discovery and initiation of IND enabling studies of a novel clinical development candidate, GBR 1302, a HER2xCD3 bispecific antibody. [Glenmark Pharmaceuticals S.A.] Press Release

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POLICY NEWS
National Institutes of Health (United States)

Food and Drug Administration (United States)

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (United States)

European Medicines Agency (European Union)

Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (United Kingdom)

Therapeutic Goods Administration (Australia)
 
EVENTS
NEW 14th Annual Meeting of the International Society for Cell & Gene Therapy of Cancer (ISCGT)
September 25-27, 2014
Amsterdam, The Netherlands

NEW 13th Annual AACR International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research
September 28-October 1, 2014
New Orleans, United States

Visit our events page to see a complete list of events in the mammary cell community.
 
JOB OPPORTUNITIES
NEW PhD Position – Breast Cancer Stem Cells (University of Copenhagen)

NEW Postdoctoral Fellow – Cancer Biology (The University of Queensland)

Postdoctoral Position – Cancer Biology (Weizmann Institute of Science)

Postdoctoral Research Fellow – Cell Cycle Regulatory Pathways in Breast Cancer (Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center)

Postdoctoral Fellow – Breast Cancer Research (Albert Einstein College of Medicine)

Postdoctoral Fellow – Breast Cancer Metastasis (University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center)

Postdoctoral Position – Breast Cancer Research (University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center)

Scientist – Mammary Cell Research (STEMCELL Technologies Inc.)

Scientist – Pluripotent Stem Cell Media Development, High Throughput Screening (STEMCELL Technologies Inc.)

Scientist – Cell Culture Support Products (STEMCELL Technologies Inc.)

Scientist – Immunology/Cell Separation (STEMCELL Technologies Inc.)

Research Associate – Cell Separation (STEMCELL Technologies Inc.)


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