Volume 6.15 | Apr 24

Mammary Cell News 6.15 April 24, 2014
Mammary Cell News
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An Integrin β3-KRAS-RalB Complex Drives Tumor Stemness and Resistance to EGFR Inhibition
Researchers revealed that integrin αvβ3 serves as a marker of breast, lung and pancreatic carcinomas with stem-like properties that are highly resistant to receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as erlotinib. [Nat Cell Biol] Abstract | Press Release
Culture and Characterize Human Mammary Epithelial Progenitors with Serum-Free EpiCult-B (Human) Free Protocols
PUBLICATIONS (Ranked by impact factor of the journal)

Control of MT1-MMP Transport by Atypical PKC during Breast-Cancer Progression
Researchers report a co-up-regulation and colocalization of membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) and atypical protein kinase C (PKC) iota in hormone receptor-negative breast tumors in association with a higher risk of metastasis. [Proc Natl Acad Sci USA] Abstract

MicroRNA-519a Is a Novel Oncomir Conferring Tamoxifen Resistance by Targeting a Network of Tumor-Suppressor Genes in ER+ Breast Cancer
Although the role of a few microRNAs (miRNAs) has been described in tamoxifen resistance at the single gene/target level, little is known about how concerted actions of miRNAs targeting biological networks contribute to resistance. Investigators identified the miRNA cluster, C19MC, which harbors around 50 mature miRNAs, to be upregulated in resistant cells, with miRNA-519a being the most highly upregulated. [J Pathol] Abstract

HS3ST2 Modulates Breast Cancer Cell Invasiveness via MAP Kinase- and Tcf4 (Tcf7l2)-Dependent Regulation of Protease and Cadherin Expression
As 3-O-sulfation of heparan sulfate has an important co-receptor function for numerous signal transduction pathways, the phenotypical changes due to heparan sulfate 3-O-sulfotransferase 2 (HS3ST2) reexpression were investigated in vitro using high and low invasive breast cancer cell lines. [Int J Cancer] Abstract

Identification of Novel Molecular Regulators of Tumor Necrosis Factor-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand (TRAIL)-Induced Apoptosis in Breast Cancer Cells by RNAi Screening
The underlying mechanisms that control TRAIL sensitivity in breast cancer cells are not well understood. Researchers performed small interfering RNA screens to identify molecular regulators of the TRAIL pathway in breast cancer cells. [Breast Cancer Res] Abstract | Full Article

Flotillin Depletion Affects ErbB Protein Levels in Different Human Breast Cancer Cells
One of the main challenges in ErbB-targeting therapy is to inactivate signaling mediated by ErbB2-ErbB3 oncogenic receptor complexes. Investigators analyzed the regulatory role of flotillins on ErbB3 levels and ErbB2-ErbB3 complexes in SKBR3, MCF7 and MDA-MB-134-VI human breast cancer cells. [Biochim Biophys Acta] Abstract

Intratumoral Morphological Heterogeneity of Breast Cancer: Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Efficiency and Multidrug Resistance Gene Expression
Investigators analyzed the association of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) response and pre- and post-NAC expression of the main multidrug resistance genes – ABCB1, ABCC1, ABCC5, ABCG1, and ABCG2, with the presence of different morphological structures in breast tumors. [Sci Rep] Full Article


Dual Inhibition of the Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Pathway: A Phase I Trial Evaluating Bevacizumab and AZD2171 (Cediranib) in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors
Cediranib was given orally daily for 21 days and bevacizumab intravenously every two weeks. Pharmacokinetics and correlates (nitric oxide synthase, nitrate oxide, and circulating tumor cells) were assessed. [Cancer] Abstract

Prognostic and Biological Significance of Proliferation and HER2 Expression in the Luminal Class of Breast Cancer
Investigators compared the proliferation status; assessed using KI67 labeling index, and HER2-expression in estrogen receptor positive breast cancer (BC) to assess their impact on the biological and clinical characteristics of luminal-BC. [Breast Cancer Res Treat] Abstract

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The Intracrinology of Breast Cancer
Some risk factors of breast cancer development, including obesity, have been postulated to interact with steroid metabolizing pathways. The authors summarize the current state of knowledge regarding intracrine metabolism including expression levels of various enzymes and receptors, focusing particularly upon the importance of the production of biologically potent steroids from circulating sulfated precursors such as DHEA-S. [J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol] Abstract

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Benaroya Research Institute Evaluates Immunology Approach to Blocking Breast Cancer
Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason recently received a grant to research how blocking a particular molecule in metastatic breast cancer reduces both the growth of primary tumors and the number of lung metastases. [Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason] Press Release

USU-HJF Effort to License Promising Breast Cancer Vaccine Wins Award
A joint effort by The Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Inc. (HJF) and the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU) to license a promising breast cancer vaccine to reduce breast cancer recurrence rates has received the 2014 Award for Excellence in Technology Transfer. [The Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Inc.] Press Release

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NEW Beatson International Cancer Conference
July 6-9, 2014
Glasgow, United Kingdom

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NEW Postdoctoral Fellow – Cancer Biology (University of Cincinnati)

Postdoctoral Fellow – Mechanisms that Contribute to Metastases of Breast Cancer Cells (Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai)

PhD Position – Breast Cancer Translational Research Laboratory (Jules Bordet Institute)

Postdoctoral Position in Stem Cell and Cancer (Harvard Medical School)

Postdoctoral Research Associate – Extracellular Microenvironment in Cancer (Institute of Translational Medicine, University of Liverpool)

Junior Faculty Position – Breast Pathology (Northwestern University)

Director of GMP/GLP Quality Operations (University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine)

Postdoctoral Position – Breast Cancer Metastasis (Weizmann Institute of Science)

Research Associate – Cell Separation (STEMCELL Technologies Inc.)

Research Technologist – Pluripotent Stem Cells (STEMCELL Technologies Inc.)

Research Technologist – Particle Chemistry (STEMCELL Technologies Inc.)

Research Technologist – PSC Biology and Bioengineering (STEMCELL Technologies Inc.)

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